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Actually, Kalkberg (chalk hill) should really be called "Gipsberg" (gypsum hill) - because the salt dome under Lüneburg brought the precious building material gypsum to the earth's surface. In the Middle Ages, "Hliuniburg" stood here, one of the early parts of the town. Later, the hill was removed for gypsum extraction.
In 1878, the highest hilltop was protected from further mining. In 1932, the gypsum quarry and the rest of the hill were declared a nature reserve and natural monument. The hill was originally about 70m high and thus the highest elevation far and wide. By removing the gypsum for building material, most of the calcareous hill was removed over the years. Thus, with a height of 58m today, Kalkberg is only 1/16 of its original size.
Today you can enjoy a wonderful view of the old town of Lüneburg from Kalkberg, which is located in the middle of the city. Around the Kalkberg there are paved trails, so that the "climb" is not too difficult.
Sunrise and sunset are special experiences.